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NewApproachesonEnergyandtheEnvironment
New Approaches on Energy and the Environment
Chapter 1 Taking the Lead on Climate Change - New Approaches on Energy and the Environment
Chapter 23 Bureau of Environmental Statistics - New Approaches on Energy and the Environment
Chapter 24 Treading Carefully With Environmental Information - New Approaches on Energy and the Environment
Chapter 22 Combatting Ignorance About US Water Quality - New Approaches on Energy and the Environment
Chapter 7 Making Electricity Markets Competitive - New Approaches on Energy and the Environment
Chapter 3 Carbon Tax to Reduce the Deficit - New Approaches on Energy and the Environment
Chapter 8 Cleaning Up Power Plant Emissions - New Approaches on Energy and the Environment
Chapter 25 Better Evaluation of Life Saving Environmental Regulations - New Approaches on Energy and the Environment
Chapter 4 Slaking Our Thirst for Oil - New Approaches on Energy and the Environment
Chapter 5 Stimulating Renewable Energy - New Approaches on Energy and the Environment
Chapter 6 Rewarding Automakers for Fuel Economy - New Approaches on Energy and the Environment
Chapter 4 Pay As You Drive Car Insurance - New Approaches on Energy and the Environment
Chapter 10 State Innovation for Environmental Improvements- New Approaches on Energy and the Environment
11 Pay as You Slow: Road Pricing to Reduce Traffic Congestion
Chapter 21 Zoning the Oceans - New Approaches on Energy and the Environment
18 Streamlining Forest Service Planning
13 A New Approach to Air Quality Management
Chapter 16 Modernizing the Food Safety System - New Approaches on Energy and the Environment
Chapter 15 A Broader View of Brownfield Revitalization - New Approaches on Energy and the Environment
Chapter 2 Stimulating Technology to Slow Climate Change - New Approaches on Energy and the Environment
Chapter 12 Focus on Particulates More Than Smog- New Approaches on Energy and the Environment
Chapter 13 New Approach to Air Quality Management - New Approaches on Energy and the Environment
Chapter 14 Redirecting Superfund Dollars - New Approaches on Energy and the Environment
Chapter 17 Performance Standards for Food Safety - New Approaches on Energy and the Environment
Chapter 19 Smarter Budgeting for Space Missions - New Approaches on Energy and the Environment
Chapter 20 Taking the Lead on Climate Change - New Approaches on Energy and the Environment
Siren Song
True Warnings False Alarms
Common Waters Diverging Streams
Choosing Environmental Policy
Battling Resistance to Antibiotics and Pesticides
Painting the White House Green
Northern Landscapes
Archive Painting-the-White-House-Green
The Bioengineered Forest
Collaborative Environmental Management
The Equitable Forest
Superfund's Future
Environmental Protection and the Social Responsibility of Firms
Determining the Economic Value of Water: Concepts and Methods
Toward Safer Food
Scarcity and Growth Revisited
Zoned Out
RFF-Reader-Second-Edition
Small-Firms-and-the-Environment
Emissions-Trading
Leveraging-the-Private-Sector
Water-Resources-in-Jordan
Liquid-Assets
Pricing-Irrigation-Water
Politics-and-Economics-of-Indonesias-Natural-Resources
Economics-and-Contemporary-Land-Use-Policy
Environmental-Life-Cycle
Assessments-of-Regional-and-Global-Environmental-Risks
The Forest Ranger: A Study in Administrative Behavior - Herbert Kaufman
Adaptive-Governance-and-Water-Conflict
Arizona Water Policy: Management Innovations in an Urbanizing, Arid Region - RFF Press
The-Complex-Forest
TheUrbanHousehold
Managing_Natural_Wealth
National-Environmental-Accounting
Private-Rights-in-Public-Resources
China's Forests: Global Lessons from Market Reforms
Natural-States
Science-and-Technology
Voices-from-the-Forest
Reality Check
Negotiated Learning
RuralElectrification
SustainingRockyMountainLandscapes
Wildfire Risk
Cornbelt
Wye Island
Choosing Safety: A Guide to using Probabilistic Risk Assessment and Decision Analysis in Complex, High Consequence Systems
Softwood Lumber War
 

 

 
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Better Evaluation of
Life-Saving Environmental Regulations
Maureen L. Cropper

Chapter 25 in New Approaches on Energy and the Environment: Policy Adivce for the President



Mr. President, I recommend that you issue a new executive order requiring that cost-effectiveness analyses be conducted for all major health and safety regulations, using a uniform set of protocols.

Link to Video
Maureen Cropper on
cost-effectiveness
analyses
Link to Video

Agencies such as the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, the Food and Drug Administration, and the Department of Transportation, which issue regulations whose primary benefits take the form of reductions in illness, injury, and premature mortality, would be required to calculate the cost per unit of health benefit (such as cost per quality-adjusted life year saved) using identical methodologies.

Such an executive order would facilitate a comparison of the cost-effectiveness of health and safety regulations both within and across agencies, and it would serve as a complement to existing benefit-cost analyses of health and safety regulations.

    

Link to Chapter 25, Better Evaluation of Life-Saving Environmental
Download this Policy Recommendation

Several reasons exist for requiring cost-effectiveness analysis as an adjunct to benefit-cost analysis: it avoids monetization of health benefits, which can be controversial; it provides an alternative method of aggregating health benefits that emphasizes life years saved, rather than private willingness to pay; and the cost per quality-adjusted life year saved, which is commonly employed in the public health arena, provides a simple, transparent way of comparing the efficiency of various health and safety regulations designed to achieve similar objectives. 

In the long run, expansion of the analytical framework to include cost-effectiveness analysis should lead to more efficient regulation and to greater public acceptance of regulatory decisions.



Related Policy Recommendations

Chapter 23. Create a Bureau of Environmental Statistics
H. Spencer Banzhaf



Maureen L. Cropper is a lead economist in the Research Department of the World Bank and a professor of economics at the University of Maryland. She is a member of the RFF Board of Directors and former president of the Association of Environmental and Resource Economists.



All Policy Recommendations in New Approaches on Energy and the Environment are available for complimentary download from each chapter's webpage. (Copyright © 2004 by Resources for the Future.) Use of these chapters is for personal use only. Contents may not be duplicated or retransmitted by print, electronic, or other means without written permission of the publisher. To purchase a printed copy of the book, click on the button below.

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