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Karen L. Palmer
Research Director, Senior Fellow, and Associate Director, Center for Climate and Electricity Policy
202-328-5106
palmer@rff.org
RESEARCH TOPICS
 
PROFILE
 
Palmer has been a researcher at RFF for more than 20 years and is the first recipient of the Darius Gaskins Chair. She specializes in the economics of environmental and public utility regulation, particularly on issues at the intersection of air quality regulation and the electricity sector. Her work seeks to improve the design of incentive-based environmental regulations that influence the electric utility sector, including controls of multi-pollutants and carbon emissions from electrical generating plants. To this end, she identifies cost-effective approaches to allocating emissions allowances, explores policies targeting carbon emissions and other air pollutants, and efficient ways to promote use of renewable sources of electricity. 
Featured Publications
Secular Trends, Environmental Regulations and Electricity Markets
Dallas Burtraw, Karen Palmer, Anthony Paul and Matt Woerman
The Electricity Journal | July 2012 | Vol 25, No. 6 | pp. 35-47 | Related Discussion Paper 12-15
 
A Symmetric Safety Valve
Dallas Burtraw, Karen Palmer, Danny Kahn
Energy Policy | Vol. 38, No.19 | pp.4921-4932
 
Energy Efficiency Economics and Policy
Kenneth Gillingham, Richard G. Newell, and Karen Palmer
Annual Review of Resource Economics | Forthcoming | Related Discussion Paper 09-13
 
Compensation Rules for Climate Policy in the Electricity Sector
Dallas Burtraw and Karen Palmer
Journal of Public Policy Analysis and Management | Vol. 27, No. 4 | 819-847 | Related Discussion Paper 07-41
 
Modeling the Effects of Changes in New Source Review on National SO2 and NOx Emissions from Electricity-Generating Units
David A. Evans, Benjamin F. Hobbs, Craig Oren and Karen Palmer
Environmental Science and Technology | forthcoming | Related Discussion Paper 07-01
 
Simple Rules for Targetting CO2 Allowance Allocation to Compensate Firms
Karen Palmer, Dallas Burtraw, Danny Kahn
Climate Policy | Related Discussion Paper 06-28
 
CO2 Allowance Allocation in the Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative and the Effect on Electricity Investors
Dallas Burtraw, Danny Kahn and Karen Palmer
The Electricity Journal | March 2006 | Related Discussion Paper 05-55
 
Retrospective Review of Energy Efficiency Policies
Kenny Gillingham, Richard Newell, and Karen Palmer
Annual Review of Environmenta and Resources | 2006 | 31 | pp. 161-192
 
Cost-Effectiveness of Renewable Electricity Policies
Karen Palmer and Dallas Burtraw
Energy Economics | 2005 | Vol. 27, No. 6 | 873-894 | Related Discussion Paper 05-01
 
The Environmental Impacts of Electricity Restructuring: Looking Back and Looking Forward
Karen Palmer and Dallas Burtraw
Environment & Energy Law & Policy Journal | 2006 | Vol. 1, No. 1 | pp. 171-218
 
SO2 Control by Electric Utilities: What are the Gains from Trade?
Curtis Carlson, Dallas Burtraw, Maureen Cropper, and Karen L. Palmer
Journal of Political Economy | December 2000 | Vol. 108, No. 6 | pp. 1292-1326 | Related Discussion Paper 98-44-REV
 
Winner, Loser or Innocent Victim: Has Renewable Energy Performed as Expected?
James McVeigh, Dallas Burtraw, Joel Darmstadter, and Karen Palmer
Solar Energy | Vol. 68, No. 3 | pp. 237-255 | Related Discussion Paper 99-28
 
View All Related Publications
DISCUSSION PAPERS
Assessing the Role of Renewable Energy Policies in Landfill Gas Energy Projects
Shanjun Li, Han Kyul Yoo, Jhih-Shyang Shih, Karen L. Palmer, Molly K. Macauley
RFF Discussion Paper 14-17 | July 2014
 
Designing by Degrees: Flexibility and Cost-Effectiveness in Climate Policy
Anthony Paul, Karen L. Palmer, Matthew Woerman
RFF Discussion Paper 14-05 | February 2014
 
The Costs and Consequences of Clean Air Act Regulation of CO2 from Power Plants
Dallas Burtraw, Joshua Linn, Karen L. Palmer, Anthony Paul
RFF Discussion Paper 14-01 | January 2014
Related journal article
 
Taxing Electricity Sector Carbon Emissions at Social Cost
Anthony Paul, Blair Beasley, Karen L. Palmer
RFF Discussion Paper 13-23-REV | November 2013
 
Bridging the Energy Efficiency Gap: Policy Insights from Economic Theory and Empirical Evidence
Kenneth T. Gillingham, Karen L. Palmer
RFF Discussion Paper 13-02-REV | October 2013
 
Is Energy Efficiency Capitalized into Home Prices? Evidence from Three US Cities
Margaret A. Walls, Karen L. Palmer, Todd Gerarden
RFF Discussion Paper 13-18 | July 2013
 
Mixing It Up: Power Sector Energy and Regional and Regulatory Climate Policies in the Presence of a Carbon Tax
Dallas Burtraw, Karen L. Palmer
RFF Discussion Paper 13-09 | April 2013
 
Mercury and Air Toxics Standards Analysis Deconstructed: Changing Assumptions, Changing Results
Blair Beasley, Matthew Woerman, Anthony Paul, Dallas Burtraw, Karen L. Palmer
RFF Discussion Paper 13-10 | April 2013
 
Linking by Degrees: Incremental Alignment of Cap-and-Trade Markets
Dallas Burtraw, Karen L. Palmer, Clayton Munnings, Paige Weber, Matthew Woerman
RFF Discussion Paper 13-04 | April 2013
 
Comments on EPA’s Proposed Carbon Pollution Standard for New Power Plants
Dallas Burtraw, Arthur G. Fraas, Karen L. Palmer, Nathan Richardson
RFF Discussion Paper 12-31 | July 2012
 
Reliability in the Electricity Industry under New Environmental Regulations
Dallas Burtraw, Karen L. Palmer, Anthony Paul, Blair Beasley, Matthew Woerman
RFF Discussion Paper 12-18 | May 2012
Related journal article
 
Analysis of the Bingaman Clean Energy Standard Proposal
Anthony Paul, Karen L. Palmer, Matthew Woerman
RFF Discussion Paper 12-20 | May 2012
 
Flexible Mandates for Investment in New Technology
Dalia Patino Echeverri, Dallas Burtraw, Karen L. Palmer
RFF Discussion Paper 12-14 | March 2012
Related journal article
 
Secular Trends, Environmental Regulations, and Electricity Markets
Dallas Burtraw, Karen L. Palmer, Anthony Paul, Matthew Woerman
RFF Discussion Paper 12-15 | March 2012
Related journal article
 
Putting a Floor on Energy Savings: Comparing State Energy Efficiency Resource Standards
Karen L. Palmer, Samuel Grausz, Blair Beasley, Timothy J. Brennan
RFF Discussion Paper 12-11 | February 2012
 
Energy Efficiency Resource Standards: Economics and Policy
Timothy J. Brennan, Karen L. Palmer
RFF Discussion Paper 12-10 | February 2012
 
Assessing the Energy Efficiency Information Gap: Results from a Survey of Home Energy Auditors
Karen L. Palmer, Margaret A. Walls, Hal Gordon, Todd Gerarden
RFF Discussion Paper 11-42 | October 2011
Related journal article
 
Clean Energy Standards for Electricity: Policy Design Implications for Emissions, Supply, Prices and Regions
Anthony Paul, Karen L. Palmer, Matthew Woerman
RFF Discussion Paper 11-35 | July 2011
Related journal article
 
Climate Policy Design with Correlated Uncertainties in Offset Supply and Abatement Cost
Harrison Fell, Dallas Burtraw, Richard D. Morgenstern, Karen L. Palmer
RFF Discussion Paper 10-01-REV | June 2011
Related journal article
 
Soft and Hard Price Collars in a Cap-and-Trade System: A Comparative Analysis
Harrison Fell, Dallas Burtraw, Richard D. Morgenstern, Karen L. Palmer, Louis Preonas
RFF Discussion Paper 10-27-REV | June 2011
Related journal article
 
Cost-Effectiveness of Electricity Energy Efficiency Programs
Toshi Arimura, Shanjun Li, Richard G. Newell, Karen L. Palmer
RFF Discussion Paper 09-48 | May 2011
Related journal article
 
Supply Curves for Conserved Electricity
Anthony Paul, Karen L. Palmer, Matthew Woerman
RFF Discussion Paper 11-11 | April 2011
 
Federal Policies for Renewable Electricity
Karen L. Palmer, Anthony Paul, Matthew Woerman
RFF Discussion Paper 10-53 | January 2011
Related journal article
 
Price Discovery in Emissions Permit Auctions
Dallas Burtraw, Jacob Goeree, Charles Holt, Erica Myers, Karen L. Palmer, William Shobe
RFF Discussion Paper 10-32 | June 2010
Related journal article
 
Energy-Efficiency Program Evaluations: Opportunities for Learning and Inputs to Incentive Mechanisms
Noah Kaufman, Karen L. Palmer
RFF Discussion Paper 10-16 | April 2010
Related journal article
 
Allowance Allocation in a CO2 Emissions Cap-and-Trade Program for the Electricity Sector in California
Karen L. Palmer, Dallas Burtraw, Anthony Paul
RFF Discussion Paper 09-41 | October 2009
 
An Experimental Study of Auctions versus Grandfathering to Assign Pollution Permits
Jacob Goeree, Charles Holt, Karen L. Palmer, William Shobe, Dallas Burtraw
RFF Discussion Paper 09-39 | September 2009
Related journal article
 
An Experimental Analysis of Auctioning Emissions Allowances under a Loose Cap
William Shobe, Karen L. Palmer, Erica Myers, Charles Holt, Jacob Goeree, Dallas Burtraw
RFF Discussion Paper 09-25 | June 2009
Related journal article
 
Energy Efficiency Economics and Policy
Kenneth T. Gillingham, Richard G. Newell, Karen L. Palmer
RFF Discussion Paper 09-13 | April 2009
Related journal article
 
A Partial Adjustment Model of U.S. Electricity Demandby Region, Season, and Sector
Erica Myers, Karen L. Palmer, Anthony Paul
RFF Discussion Paper 08-50 | April 2009
 
A Symmetric Safety Valve
Dallas Burtraw, Karen L. Palmer, Daniel B. Kahn
RFF Discussion Paper 09-06 | February 2009
Related journal article
 
Collusion in Auctions for Emission Permits: An Experimental Analysis
Dallas Burtraw, Jacob Goeree, Charles Holt, Erica Myers, Karen L. Palmer, William Shobe
RFF Discussion Paper 08-36 | September 2008
Related journal article
 
Compensation for Electricity Consumers under a U.S. CO2 Emissions Cap
Anthony Paul, Dallas Burtraw, Karen L. Palmer
RFF Discussion Paper 08-25 | July 2008
 
Green Corridors: Linking Interregional Transmission Expansion and Renewable Energy Policies
Shalini Vajjhala, Anthony Paul, Richard Sweeney, Karen L. Palmer
RFF Discussion Paper 08-06 | March 2008
 
US Climate Policy Developments
Toshi Arimura, Dallas Burtraw, Alan J. Krupnick, Karen L. Palmer
RFF Discussion Paper 07-45 | October 2007
 
Compensation Rules for Climate Policy in the Electricity Sector
Dallas Burtraw, Karen L. Palmer
RFF Discussion Paper 07-41 | July 2007
Related journal article
 
Modeling the Effects of Changes in New Source Review on National SO2 and NOx Emissions from Electricity-Generating Units
David A. Evans, Benjamin F. Hobbs, Craig Oren, Karen L. Palmer
RFF Discussion Paper 07-01 | March 2007
Related journal article
 
Summary of the Workshop to Support Implementing the Minimum 25% Public Benefit Allocation in the Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative
Dallas Burtraw, Karen L. Palmer
RFF Discussion Paper 06-45 | September 2006
 
Simple Rules for Targeting CO2 Allowance Allocations to Compensate Firms
Karen L. Palmer, Dallas Burtraw, Daniel B. Kahn
RFF Discussion Paper 06-28 | June 2006
Related journal article
 
Air Emissions of Ammonia and Methane from Livestock Operations: Valuation and Policy Options
Jhih-Shyang Shih, Dallas Burtraw, Karen L. Palmer, Juha V. Siikamäki
RFF Discussion Paper 06-11 | March 2006
Related journal article
 
CO2 Allowance Allocation in the Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative and the Effect on Electricity Investors
Dallas Burtraw, Daniel B. Kahn, Karen L. Palmer
RFF Discussion Paper 05-55 | December 2005
Related journal article
 
The Impact of Long-Term Generation Contracts on Valuation of Electricity Generating Assets under the Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative
Nathan E. Wilson, Karen L. Palmer, Dallas Burtraw
RFF Discussion Paper 05-37 | August 2005
 
Allocation of CO2 Emissions Allowances in the Regional Greenhouse Gas Cap-and-Trade Program
Dallas Burtraw, Karen L. Palmer, Daniel B. Kahn
RFF Discussion Paper | June 2005
 
Reducing Emissions from the Electricity Sector: The Costs and Benefits Nationwide and for the Empire State
Karen L. Palmer, Dallas Burtraw, Jhih-Shyang Shih
RFF Discussion Paper 05-23 | June 2005
 
The Environmental Impactsof Electricity Restructuring:Looking Back and Looking Forward
Karen L. Palmer, Dallas Burtraw
RFF Discussion Paper 05-07 | April 2005
 
Economics of Pollution Trading for SO2and NOx
Dallas Burtraw, David A. Evans, Alan J. Krupnick, Karen L. Palmer, Russell Toth
RFF Discussion Paper 05-05 | March 2005
Related journal article
 
Cost-Effectiveness of Renewable Electricity Policies
Karen L. Palmer, Dallas Burtraw
RFF Discussion Paper 05-01 | January 2005
Related journal article
 
Retrospective Examination of Demand-side Energy-efficiency Policies
Kenneth T. Gillingham, Richard G. Newell, Karen L. Palmer
RFF Discussion Paper 04-19 | June 2004
 
The Paparazzi Take a Look at a Living Legend:The SO2 Cap-and-Trade Program for Power Plants in the United States
Dallas Burtraw, Karen L. Palmer
RFF Discussion Paper 03-15 | April 2003
 
Efficient Emission Fees in the U.S. Electricity Sector
H. Spencer Banzhaf, Dallas Burtraw, Karen L. Palmer
RFF Discussion Paper 02-45 | October 2002
Related journal article
 
The Effect on Asset Values of the Allocation of Carbon Dioxide Emission Allowances
Dallas Burtraw, Karen L. Palmer, Ranjit Bharvirkar, Anthony Paul
RFF Discussion Paper 02-15 | March 2002
Related journal article
 
Ancillary Benefits of Reduced Air Pollution in the United States from Moderate Greenhouse Gas Mitigation Policies in the Electricity Sector
Dallas Burtraw, Alan J. Krupnick, Karen L. Palmer, Anthony Paul, Michael A. Toman, Cary Bloyd
RFF Discussion Paper 01-61 | December 2001
Related journal article
 
The Effect of Allowance Allocation on the Cost of Carbon Emission Trading
Dallas Burtraw, Karen L. Palmer, Ranjit Bharvirkar, Anthony Paul
RFF Discussion Paper 01-30 | August 2001
 
Modeling the Costs and Environmental Benefits of Disposal Options forEnd-of-Life Electronic Equipment: The Case of Used Computer Monitors
Molly K. Macauley, Karen L. Palmer, Jhih-Shyang Shih, Sarah Cline, Heather Holsinger
RFF Discussion Paper 01-27 | June 2001
Related journal article
 
Cost-Effective Reduction of NOx Emissions from Electricity Generation
Dallas Burtraw, Karen L. Palmer, Ranjit Bharvirkar, Anthony Paul
RFF Discussion Paper 00-55-REV | January 2001
Related journal article
 
Restructuring and Cost of Reducing NOx Emissions in Electricity Generation
Karen L. Palmer, Dallas Burtraw, Ranjit Bharvirkar, Anthony Paul
RFF Discussion Paper 01-10-REV | January 2001
 
Implementing Electricity Restructuring: Policies, Potholes, and Prospects
Timothy J. Brennan, Karen L. Palmer, Salvador A. Martinez
RFF Discussion Paper 01-62 | January 2001
Related journal article
 
Electricity Restructuring: Consequences and Opportunities for the Environment
Dallas Burtraw, Karen L. Palmer, Martin Heintzelman
RFF Discussion Paper 00-39 | September 2000
 
Upstream Pollution, Downstream Waste Disposal, and the Design of Comprehensive Environmental Policies
Margaret A. Walls, Karen L. Palmer
RFF Discussion Paper 97-51-REV | January 2000
Related journal article
 
The Determinants of Household Recycling: A Material Specific Analysis of Unit Pricing and Recycling Program Attributes
Robin R. Jenkins, Salvador A. Martinez, Karen L. Palmer, Michael J. Podolsky
RFF Discussion Paper 99-41-REV | October 1999
Related journal article
 
Winner, Loser, or Innocent Victim? Has Renewable Energy Performed As Expected?
James McVeigh, Dallas Burtraw, Joel Darmstadter, Karen L. Palmer
RFF Discussion Paper 99-28 | March 1999
Related journal article
 
The Opportunity for Short Run Carbon Mitigation in the Electricity Sector
Dallas Burtraw, Karen Palmer and Anthony Paul
1999
 
Extended Product Responsibility: An Economic Assessment of Alternative Policies
Karen L. Palmer, Margaret A. Walls
RFF Discussion Paper 99-12 | January 1999
 
Sulfur-Dioxide Control By Electric Utilities: What Are the Gains from Trade?
Curtis Carlson, Dallas Burtraw, Maureen L. Cropper, Karen L. Palmer
RFF Discussion Paper 98-44-REV | July 1998
Related journal article
 
Getting on the Map: The Political Economy of State-Level Electricity Restructuring
Amy W. Ando, Karen L. Palmer
RFF Discussion Paper 98-19-REV | May 1998
 
Assessing the Impact of Electricity Restructuring on the Environment in Maryland
Dallas Burtraw, Diane Brown, Matthew Kahal, Karen Palmer, Julie Ross, and Mark Garrison
98-MP21.02(A483) | 1998
 
The Cost of Reducing Municipal Solid Waste
Karen L. Palmer, Hilary Sigman, Margaret A. Walls
RFF Discussion Paper 96-35 | September 1996
Related journal article
 
Electricity Restructuring and Regional Air Pollution
Karen L. Palmer, Dallas Burtraw
RFF Discussion Paper 96-17-REV2 | July 1996
Related journal article
 
Second-Best Adjustments to Externality Estimates in Electricity Planning with Competition
Dallas Burtraw, Karen L. Palmer, Alan J. Krupnick
RFF Discussion Paper 96-04 | October 1995
Related journal article
 
The Cost of Reducing Municipal Solid Waste: Comparing Deposit-Refunds, Advance Disposal Fees, Recycling Subsidies, and Recycling Rate Standards
Karen L. Palmer, Hilary Sigman, Margaret A. Walls, Ken Harrison, Steve Puller
RFF Discussion Paper 95-33 | July 1995
 
Environmental Regulation and International Competitiveness: Thinking About the Porter Hypothesis
Wallace E. Oates, Karen L. Palmer, Paul R. Portney
RFF Discussion Paper 94-02 | January 1994
 
  
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