China's Environmental Problems and Resources for the Future

China's Environmental Problems and Resources for the Future
China's Environmental Problems and Resources for the Future


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China is quickly becoming a dominant economic force worldwide in the 21st century. Rapid industrialization and social change have raised the standard of living for millions of its people, mainly in the East and Southeastern coastal provinces, who can now afford to buy washing machines, televisions, and, increasingly, cars.

中国在21 正迅速 地成世界经济的一 支主要力量。快速的 化和社会革已 使其数百万人民的 生活水平得到了提升,尤其在部和南沿 海省份,他们现已有 能力购买洗衣机和 机,而且私人汽 的数量也与日增。

But this success comes at great environmental cost. China has followed a pattern similar to many other countries of both the developed and developing world. The process of industrialization is often linked to deteriorating environmental quality and rarely turned around until a country has increased its standard of living.

但是,这种成功却是以沉重的境代价来的。中国至今所走的模 式和多其它已展和展中国家相似。工化的程往往伴随着 量的化,并且在一个国家的生活水平提升之前几乎无法改善此

Increasingly severe problems associated with industrial growth threaten the health of Chinese households. Sixteen of the 20 most polluted cities in the world are in China, the result of burning brown coal, the dirtiest kind available, and the growing numbers of cars on the road. In many parts of the country, water is so polluted from manufacturing waste that it is unsafe to drink. Deforestation has intensified annual summer dust storms, and the sands of the Gobi desert have come within 200 miles of Beijing.

业发来的问题日益峻,中国百姓的健康构成巨大威全世界染最重的20 个城市中有16 个在中国,是燃褐煤(最的煤)和汽上路数量增多所造成的后果。在中国的多地区,水源也 因制造 业废弃物之染而无法安全用。采伐森林加 年夏季的沙 暴,戈壁的沙漠已逼近至距离北京不到200 英里的地方。

Severe air and water pollution throughout the country has triggered significant medical problems that the state health system is struggling to address, including rising rates of cancer and respiratory disease. These broad problems will take decades to solve but current government efforts are addressing smaller, more specific issues; for example, work is now underway to control air pollution in Beijing.