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RFF Home > Centers > CECE > The New Natural Gas Landscape > A Review of Shale Gas Regulations by State

A Review of Shale Gas Regulations by State

Download the Executive Summary.

Download the Full Report. Appendices also available.

View the state tables showing a state-by-state snapshot of the regulatory elements.

View the maps below, showing how each regulatory element is handled across the 31 states. PDF also available.

Experts in RFF's Center for Energy Economics and Policy analyzed 25 regulatory elements related to shale gas development in 31 states that have actual or potential development activity, offering the most comprehensive review of state shale gas regulations to date. This analysis is presented in a new RFF report, The State of State Shale Gas Regulation. The maps below (updated in May 2013) are a snapshot of the regulatory data from the report.

A key finding of the report is the regulatory heterogeneity among the states. States regulate different elements with different types of regulatory tools and varying levels of stringency. This heterogeneity does not necessarily mean some states lag while others lead; local conditions may justify very different rules. However, preliminary analysis in the report has revealed limited evidence of the sources of heterogeneity.

Maps of State Regulations

To create the maps below, RFF staff and outside experts reviewed state statutes, regulations, permitting guidelines, and other documents, along with independent reports. Experts and regulators in the states were also contacted to review the findings.

The maps show only uniform, state-level regulation in force as of March 1, 2013, except for New York, which is treated as if the proposed rules in its 2011 Supplemental Generic Environmental Impact Statement were currently in place. Local and federal regulations are not included.

Read more.