RFF Initiative

Considering a US Carbon Tax: Economic Analysis and Dialogue on Carbon Pricing Options

RFF experts are examining the potential impacts of a federal carbon tax to help leaders better understand the fiscal and environmental costs and benefits.

A number of countries and regions around the world are using a carbon tax to regulate carbon dioxide emissions, and many experts believe that such a policy could be economically efficient, growth-enhancing, and supportive of long-term climate change mitigation goals in the United States as well. However, to design a carbon tax that does not harm the US economy and individual livelihoods, policymakers need credible information on how a carbon tax would affect greenhouse gas emissions, vulnerable households, and the nation’s energy mix. The goal of RFF’s carbon tax initiative is to provide rigorous analysis and a nonpartisan, objective voice to help leaders understand the impacts of their decisions and pave the way for the design of pragmatic and equitable policies.

Learn more about RFF’s carbon tax initiative.


Read highlights from recent research at RFF about how a carbon tax impacts emissions, federal revenue, employment, and more.