We analyze how demand-side resources are evaluated in integrated resource plans, and if current practices accommodate the role that flexible demand-side resources will play in an increasingly electrified future.
- Eight integrated resource plans reveal methodological barriers to full consideration of demand-side resources.
- Cost-effectiveness screening does not capture the value of flexible demand-side resources.
- Load forecast is treated parametrically rather than representing the integration of supply availability and demand-side activity.
- Demand-side investments differ from supply side investments due to different risk profiles and capital costs.