While research on seafood fraud is growing, how much mislabeled product consumers actually buy and its associated impacts are unknown. We provide a framework for estimating the amount of mislabeled seafood in a market.
- Due to the globalized nature and complexity of seafood markets, unraveling the causes and consequences of seafood mislabeling will require novel approaches with multiple types of data.
- Mislabeling rates can be integrated with import and production data to produce estimates of apparent consumption of mislabeled seafood.
- Estimating apparent consumption of mislabeled products, however, is currently limited by the quality of consumption and mislabeling data, of which the latter is particularly problematic and challenging.
- More coordinated and targeted research is needed in order to understand to seafood mislabeling and its potential impacts.