Discussion Paper

India's Health Initiative: Financing Issues and Options

Oct 31, 2007 | Anil B. Deolalikar, Dean T. Jamison, Ramanan Laxminarayan


In response to the challenge of sustaining the health gains achieved in the better-performing states and ensuring that the lagging states catch up with the rest of the country, the Indian government has launched the National Rural Health Mission. A central goal of the effort is to increase public spending on health from the current 1.1 percent of GDP to roughly 2–3 percent of GDP within the next five years. In this paper, we examine the current status of health financing in India, as well as alternatives for realizing maximal health gains for the incremental expenditures.