Carbon Border Measures: What Happens with Ambitious Climate Policies?

Examining whether net-zero policies cause emissions leakage—and how effectively border measures can mitigate it


Nov. 3, 2021


9:00–10:00 a.m. ET


Event Series

RFF Live

Event Details

Ambitious climate policies to achieve net-zero emissions are at risk if international trade leads to leakage—when the source of emissions shifts to jurisdictions with less ambitious policies in place. This event examined the extent of emissions leakage based on increasingly ambitious policy scenarios. It then reported on the effectiveness of border measures to mitigate leakage, particularly in economically sensitive sectors.

Resources for the Future (RFF) hosted an RFF Live event on November 3, 2021, where an international set of scholars presented recent modeling results that explore the implications of policy proposals being considered in the European Union and United States on emissions leakage and climate ambition.


  • Carolyn Fischer, Resources for the Future, World Bank
  • Takashi Homma, Research Institute of Innovative Technology for the Earth
  • Ramiro Parrado, RFF-CMCC European Institute on Economics and the Environment, Euro-Mediterranean Center on Climate Change
  • Billy Pizer, Resources for the Future (Moderator)

Event Video


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