Prospective or ex ante studies of the costs, benefits, and distributional impacts of new environmental regulations are now commonly performed in many countries. Retrospective analyses, which aim to document actual outcomes, are far less common. The purpose of this policy brief is to illustrate the value of retrospective analysis of environmental regulations, discuss the main challenges of conducting such studies, and make suggestions for facilitating the conduct of retrospective analyses. We examine recent examples of ex post analyses of three sets of U.S. regulations—the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Cluster Rule, the NOx Budget Program, and federal gasoline content regulations—and British Columbia’s carbon tax. Based on this review, we offer some lessons for facilitating future retrospective analysis of environmental regulations.
Report — Sep 4, 2019
Environmental Projects in Urban Areas: Analysis to Support Corps of Engineers Project Planning and Budgeting
This report describes US Army Corps of Engineers planning and budget justification practices in coastal and estuarine environments—with a focus on urban settings—and explores the current and potential application of ecosystem services analysis to Corps decisionmaking.
Working Paper — Jul 11, 2019
The Cost-Effectiveness of Satellite Earth Observations to Inform a Post-Wildfire Response
This study demonstrates the cost-effectiveness of using satellite imagery to assess burned areas and prioritize response measures after a wildfire; it shows that, by using Landsat imagery, federal agencies can save up to $7.7 million per year in post-fire costs.
Press Release — Jun 11, 2019
New Episode of Resources Radio on Refined Coal Subsidies, with RFF's Brian Prest
This podcast explains the research behind a new paper on refined coal subsidies.