Effects of Early Childhood Exposure to Ambient Lead and Particulate Matter on Adult Personality
This working paper assesses how early-life exposure to air pollution affects adult personality using annual lead vehicle emissions by county and "Big Five" personality data.
To assess how early-life exposure to air pollution affects adult personality, we use new annual lead (Pb) vehicle emissions data by county, for 1969 to 1981, and “Big Five” personality data for 130,000 adults. Models with county and cohort fixed effects show higher Pb exposure during the first five years of life lowers agreeableness and increases openness. Weaker evidence suggests Pb lowers conscientiousness and increases neuroticism but it has no effect on extraversion. We also assess how regulation-induced cuts in total suspended particulates (TSP) levels affect adult personality. We are unable to disentangle early life effects of Pb and TSP.
Arthur G. Fraas
Arthur Fraas is a visiting fellow at Resources for the Future. At RFF, Fraas works on a variety of issues related to energy and the environment, including projects looking at issues and tradeoffs with energy efficiency regulations, and more.
Natural Resources Canada
Samuel D. Gosling
University of Texas at Austin
Testimony and Public Comments — Jun 1, 2023
Comments to OMB on the Proposed Revisions to Circular A-4
To the Office of Management and Budget on proposed revisions to Circular A-4.
Report — May 31, 2023
Reforming Resource Adequacy Practices and Ensuring Reliability in the Clean Energy Transition
This report introduces the emerging challenges for resource adequacy planning, reform options, and insights from a February 2023 RFF workshop of subject matter experts.
Special Series: Electrifying Large Vehicles — May 31, 2023
Zero-Emission Trucks and the Inflation Reduction Act: Tax Credits for Clean Commercial Vehicles and Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure
The Inflation Reduction Act incentivizes the electrification of the transportation sector through tax credits, with implications for fleet purchase decisions, electricity demand, emissions, manufacturing, and government spending.