Emissions Standards and Electric Vehicle Targets for Passenger Vehicles
This working paper analyzes welfare and distributional effects of nested US policies affecting plug-in vehicles: state-level zero-emission vehicle standards and national fuel economy and greenhouse gas standards for passenger vehicles.
This paper analyzes welfare and distributional effects of nested US policies affecting plug-in vehicles: state-level zero-emission vehicle (ZEV) standards and national fuel economy and greenhouse gas (GHG) standards for passenger vehicles. I use a computational model of the passenger vehicle market that endogenizes manufacturer choices of prices, technology, fuel economy, and horsepower and incorporates the timing of regulatory decisions and pre-existing distortions caused by market power and consumer undervaluation of fuel economy. Ignoring the influence of the 2022 ZEV standards on fuel economy and GHG standards, ZEV standards would appear to impose high costs without reducing emissions. However, accounting for such influence reveals that ZEV standards reduced GHG emissions at modest costs.
In Focus — Nov 21, 2023
In Focus: Sustainable Aviation
This video shares insights about technologies and alternative fuels that can help reduce emissions from aviation, with RFF Fellow Nafisa Lohawala.
Policy Leadership Series — Nov 29, 2023
Electrifying Transportation: A Policy Leadership Series Event with Cathy Zoi
A conversation with former EVgo CEO and Director Cathy Zoi on the ways to electrify the transportation sector.
Media Highlight — Oct 3, 2023
PBS: “Electric Cars—Pros and Cons”
Fellow Beia Spiller, who directs RFF's Transportation Program, discusses the benefits and costs of widespread EV adoption in two episodes of the series “Energy Switch.”
Report — Sep 13, 2023
Prioritizing Justice in New York State Climate Policy: Cleaner Air for Disadvantaged Communities?
This report, produced in partnership with the New York City Environmental Justice Alliance, examines air quality improvements in two options for implementing New York State's Climate Leadership and Community Protection Act.