Localizing Environmental Regulation: The Case of Boutique Fuels
This working paper evaluates the pollutant concentration, emissions, and price impacts of several boutique fuel regulations, finding the largest improvements delivered by California's reformulated gasoline regulations.
The Clean Air Act has authorized an array of fuel regulations to reduce the precursors to ambient ozone pollution, among other pollutants. With the emergence of stringent fuel regulations for the most pollution-intensive cities, and the opportunity for states to adopt fuel content regulations, the U.S. gasoline market has evolved over the past three decades to address local pollution. We have evaluated the pollutant concentration, emissions, and price impacts of Federal RFG, RVP, California RFG, and other boutique fuel rules. We find that California RFG continues to deliver large improvements in air quality, while the benefits from RFG, RVP and boutique fuels are either small or statistically insignificant. We note, that ex post impacts of reformulated fuels are smaller than those predicted by ex ante analyses.
University of California, Berkeley
Issue Brief — Sep 27, 2023
45V Hydrogen Tax Credit in the Inflation Reduction Act: The Role of New Clean Electricity
The fourth and final piece of a series exploring the implementation of the Inflation Reduction Act's 45V hydrogen tax credit, this issue brief considers two studies that assume all generation built in response to new demand is clean.
Report — Sep 13, 2023
Prioritizing Justice in New York State Climate Policy: Cleaner Air for Disadvantaged Communities?
This report, produced in partnership with the New York City Environmental Justice Alliance, examines air quality improvements in two options for implementing New York State's Climate Leadership and Community Protection Act.
On the Issues — Sep 8, 2023
On the Issues: US Mining, Methane Leaks, and More
A biweekly newsletter connecting global current events, pressing climate and energy policy news, and economics research from RFF scholars. This week: US mining, methane leaks, and more.