We estimate the effect of hydro-meteorological emergencies on internal migration in Costa Rica between 1995 and 2000. Nationwide, we find that an increase of one emergency in a canton significantly increases average migration rates from that canton, after controlling for several social, economic, climatic and demographic factors in both the canton of origin and destination. Moreover, when we separately analyze landslides and floods, we find that both increase migration. However, we also find that emergencies with the most severe consequences, those with lossof lives, decrease migration. The severity of the consequences may explain the differences in the sign of the effect in previous research. We also find that emergencies will significantly increase population in metropolitan areas. Less severe emergencies significantly increase migration toward metropolitan areas. More severe emergencies significantly decrease migration toward non-metropolitan areas. This is especially important in developing countries, where cities face problems associated with overpopulation.
Is Weather Really Additive in Agricultural Production? Implications for Climate Change Impacts
The Economic Valuation of Dryland Ecosystem Services in the South African Kgalagadi Area and Implications for PES Involving the Khomani San
The Effect of Hydro-meteorological Emergencies on Internal Migration
Working Paper by Juan Robalino, José Jimenez, and Adriana Chacon — 1 minute read — Dec. 26, 2013Download
On the Issues — Dec 4, 2020
Biden’s Climate Priorities, Bill Gates on Clean Energy Technologies, and More
A weekly newsletter connecting global current events, pressing climate and energy policy news, and economics research from RFF scholars.
Media Highlight — Dec 2, 2020
Oil and Gas Vets Want to Clean Up the Industry's Mess, One Well at a Time
A cover story for Grist, which profiles retired oil and gas employees working to plug abandoned wells, featured commentary by RFF Fellow Daniel Raimi.
Issue Brief — Dec 2, 2020
Funding Options for Dam Removal in the United States
While removing an aging dam tends to benefit aquatic habitat, water quality, and river recreation options, finding the resources to do so is often a major hurdle. A new research series examines potential sources of funding.