Economists around the world consider carbon pricing the most economically efficient climate policy option. RFF experts are informing the design and examining the impacts of carbon pricing to help leaders better understand the fiscal and environmental costs and benefits.
Carbon Pricing Calculator
Build your own carbon pricing policy and compare it to existing proposals.
Carbon Pricing Bill Tracker
Compare bills introduced in the 116th and 117th Congress that would implement a price on carbon dioxide emissions.
Countries, states, provinces, and regions around the world—including a number of US states—are driving down carbon dioxide emissions by putting a price on carbon through cap-and-trade programs or carbon taxes. To design carbon pricing policies that minimize harm to the economy and individual livelihoods, however, policymakers need credible information on how these policies affect greenhouse gas emissions, vulnerable households, and the nation’s energy mix.
The goal of RFF’s Carbon Pricing Initiative is to provide rigorous analysis and a nonpartisan, objective voice to help leaders understand the impacts of their decisions and pave the way for the design of pragmatic and equitable policies.
Examining the design, implementation costs, and policy impacts of border adjustments
Cap and Trade
Analyzing and advising on policies in the United States and elsewhere
Examining potential impacts, revenue use options, and more.
Clean Energy Standards
Working with policymakers to provide economic analysis on potential legislation
Climate Policy in California
Evaluating climate policy in California, beginning with Assembly Bill 32.
Analyzing programs in place through the Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative
Marc Hafstead is a fellow and director of the Carbon Pricing Initiative at RFF. His research focuses on the evaluation and design of climate and energy policies.
Dallas Burtraw is a Darius Gaskins senior fellow at RFF. Burtraw’s research includes analysis of the distributional and regional consequences of climate policy and the evolution of electricity markets including renewable integration.
Carolyn Fischer is a senior fellow at RFF. Fischer's research explores questions of environmental policy instrument design.
View Carbon Pricing experts.