Carbon Exit

The Mistra Carbon Exit program identifies and addresses the technical, economic, and political challenges for Sweden to reach the target of net zero greenhouse gas emissions by 2045.

Sweden has adopted a net-zero greenhouse gas emissions target to be achieved by 2045. This target will require transformative pathways with respect to virtually all industrial processes and their associated products and services. The Mistra Carbon Exit program, a four-year research project that began in 2017, takes a novel approach to addressing this problem by focusing on opportunities and barriers for mitigating carbon emissions along the industry supply chains from the input of raw materials to final products and services demanded by the end user. In three industrial case studies, the program will cover the supply chains of buildings, transportation infrastructure, and transportation. The selected supply chains allow us to capture at least 75 percent of Sweden’s CO₂ emissions. The program analyzes and identifies pathways and policies for how Sweden and Swedish companies can become frontrunners in transforming society and industries, providing low carbon products and services while addressing market risks. This transition will make Sweden an important international example for other countries to follow, from a technical, a social and a policy point of view.

Program Participants

The Mistra NEPSIS consortium includes a broad representation of researchers and actors, including four universities: Chalmers, University of Gothenburg, Linköping University, and the Royal Institute of Technology (KTH); three research institutes: IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute, Resources for the Future (RFF), The German Institute for Economic Research (DIW), and The Center for European Policy Studies (CEPS); and some 20 non-academic centers.


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