The Global Energy Outlook 2024: Peaks or Plateaus?

An in-depth panel discussion on some of the potential long-term outlooks for energy markets and the global energy system


April 2, 2024


3:00–4:30 p.m. ET

Event Series

RFF Live

Event Details

Resources for the Future (RFF) held an RFF Live Event, “The Global Energy Outlook 2024: Peaks or Plateaus?” on Tuesday, April 2. This event coincided with the release of the 2024 Global Energy Outlook—RFF’s annual report that synthesizes global energy market projections and analysis from leading energy organizations and corporations—and an accompanying interactive web tool. The only report of its kind, RFF’s 2024 Global Energy Outlook harmonizes analyses from other organizations to allow for a clear understanding and easy comparison of potential future energy markets, climate trajectories, and policy options at global, regional, and national levels.

The event featured an in-depth panel discussion on the long-term trajectory of the global energy system, along with contemporary issues such as Russia’s war in Ukraine, US fossil fuel exports, and more. In particular, the event examined whether fossil fuel use will peak and then decline or whether it will plateau, remaining high for decades and scuttling international climate goals. It also featured a discussion on the changing energy trajectory for China, the future of critical minerals, the role of controversial emerging technologies such as carbon capture, and more.

The 2024 Global Energy Outlook includes projections from bp; Enerdata; Equinor; ExxonMobil; the International Energy Agency; the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries; Shell; and the US Energy Information Agency.


  • Richard G. Newell, Resources for the Future
  • Daniel Raimi, Resources for the Future
  • Yuqi Zhu, Resources for the Future


  • Gloria Gonzalez, POLITICO (Moderator)
  • Kenneth Lay, RockCreek
  • Melissa Lott, Columbia University
  • Adam Sieminski, KAPSARC

Event Video


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