Milan Elkerbout


Milan Elkerbout is a fellow at RFF working on international climate policy and on European climate policies to decarbonize energy-intensive industries in particular. He has worked extensively on the European Union’s emissions trading system (EU ETS), its various reforms, and its role in decarbonizing industry.

Elkerbout has led policy research on green steel, carbon capture and carbon removals, carbon leakage, climate clubs, as well as the EU’s response to the COVID-19 pandemic, energy crisis, and US Inflation Reduction Act. He has also written on industrial and innovation policy, the trade-climate policy nexus, and supranational governance, and has worked with policymakers, industry, civil society, and academia.

Elkerbout has a background in European political economy. Between 2014 and 2023, he was working for CEPS, a policy think tank in Brussels, as a research fellow and head of its climate program. From spring 2019, he spent a year as a visiting fellow at IVL Stockholm as part of the Mistra Carbon Exit research program.


  • MSc, political economy of Europe, London School of Economics (LSE)
  • BA, European studies, Maastricht University

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