The illegal exploitation of wild abalone in South Africa has been escalating since 1994, despite increased enforcement, leading to collapse in some sections of its range. South Africa banned all wild abalone fishing in 2008 but controversially reopened it in 2010. This paper formulates a poacher’s model, taking into account the realities of the abalone terrain in South Africa—the prevalence of bribery, corruption, use of recreational drugs, and the high value of abalone—to explore why poaching has not subsided. The paper suggests two additional measures that might help ameliorate the situation: eliminating the demand side through enforcement targeted on organized crime, and ceding the resource to the local coastal communities. However, local communities need to be empowered to deal with organised crime groups. Complementary measures to bring back community patriotism will also be needed given the tattered social fabric of the local coastal communities.
Abalone Conservation in the Presence of Drug Use and Corruption: Implications for Its Management in South Africa
Working Paper by Edwin Muchapondwa, Kerri Brick, and Martine Visser — Nov. 15, 2012Download
Defining the Economic Scope for Ecosystem-Based Fishery Management
Network analysis shows changes in Alaska’s marine fisheries following the implementation of catch share programs beyond the targeted catch-share fishery, spotlighting the risk of unintended spillover effects in implementing fisheries policies.
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