Harnessing Enforcement Leverage at the Border to Minimize Biological Risk from International Live Species Trade

Live plant imports are a major pathway for invasive pest introduction. We analyze how a risk-based inspection policy that divides exporters into medium- and high-risk groups affects inspection efficacy for pest exclusion by incentivizing exporters to abate.

Working Paper by Michael Springborn, Amanda Lindsay, and Rebecca Epanchin-Niell — 1 minute read — Aug. 17, 2016



Michael Springborn

Amanda Lindsay

Rebecca Epanchin-Niell

Senior Fellow