Addressing Environmental Justice through In-Kind Court Settlements
This working paper examines the occurrence of in-kind settlements in US environmental justice court cases and their public perception versus cash payments.
In US environmental court cases, a cash penalty can be mitigated if a defendant volunteers to undertake an in-kind project, such as retrofitting school buses or building a public park. A goal of the policy is to address environmental justice concerns for low-income and minority populations, yet the historical record shows that in-kind settlements are most likely to occur in cases involving high-income, majority-white communities. A choice experiment reveals the public prefers in-kind settlements over cash, and a randomized survey reveals that in-kind settlements improve the public’s view of a violating firm, consistent with our finding of positive stock-market reactions to in-kind settlements.
Resources Radio — May 30, 2023
Climate Hits Home: Urban Heat Islands in Las Cruces, with Lisa LaRocque
Lisa LaRocque discusses the urban heat island effect and how the city of Las Cruces, New Mexico, is mitigating the related risks of extreme heat.
Resources Magazine — May 18, 2023
Energy Insights for Interdisciplinary Scholarship
Turning novel ideas into action for energy and the climate: a two-day interdisciplinary workshop this fall brought together people from universities, the Hill, federal agencies, state houses, industry, and nongovernmental organizations.
Resources Radio — Apr 25, 2023
Environmental Education through the Smithsonian, with Carol O’Donnell
Carol O’Donnell discusses how the Smithsonian Institution educates K–12 students about environmental topics like sustainability and climate change.
Working Paper — Apr 11, 2023
Opportunities for Increasing the Impact of NASA’s Earth Observations along Environmental Justice Dimensions
This working paper outlines ways that NASA can use its data products to promote environmental justice and overcome the barriers faced in the use of satellite data to influence decisionmaking.