Addressing Environmental Justice through In-Kind Court Settlements
This working paper examines the occurrence of in-kind settlements in US environmental justice court cases and their public perception versus cash payments.
In US environmental court cases, a cash penalty can be mitigated if a defendant volunteers to undertake an in-kind project, such as retrofitting school buses or building a public park. A goal of the policy is to address environmental justice concerns for low-income and minority populations, yet the historical record shows that in-kind settlements are most likely to occur in cases involving high-income, majority-white communities. A choice experiment reveals the public prefers in-kind settlements over cash, and a randomized survey reveals that in-kind settlements improve the public’s view of a violating firm, consistent with our finding of positive stock-market reactions to in-kind settlements.
Resources Radio — Dec 5, 2023
Creating an Equitable Urban Park System, with Norma García-González and Catherine Nagel
Norma García-González and Catherine Nagel discuss the social, environmental, and economic value of parks; the park system in Los Angeles County; and how data tools and community engagement can help urban park systems improve equity.
In Focus — Nov 28, 2023
In Focus: Native Nations and the Energy Transition
This video shares a brief overview of the economic dependence of some Native nations on fossil fuel production and the challenges of a transition to a clean energy system in the United States for these nations.
Common Resources — Nov 28, 2023
Native Nations in the Energy Transition
An ongoing research project explores energy development and production on Native American lands, along with the obstacles and paths to energy sovereignty for Native Nations.