According to advocates, eco-certification can improve developing country farmers’ environmental and economic performance. However, these notional benefits can be undercut by self-selection: the tendency of relatively wealthy farmers already meeting eco-certification standards to disproportionately participate. Empirical evidence on this matter is scarce. Using original farm-level survey data along with matching and difference-in-differences matching models, we analyze the producer-level effects of organic coffee certification in southeast Colombia. We find that certification improves coffee growers’ environmental performance. It significantly reduces sewage disposal in the fields and increases the adoption of organic fertilizer. However, we are not able to discern economic benefits. The return on certified production is not significantly different from that on conventional production.
The Economic Impacts of Drought on US Agriculture
New research examines how drought affects crop yields in the United States, deepening our understanding of the economic impacts of a costly natural disaster that is projected to become more severe in the face of climate change.
Resources Radio: Coffee in a Changing Climate, with Kim Elena Ionescu of the Specialty Coffee Association
Defining the Economic Scope for Ecosystem-Based Fishery Management
Network analysis shows changes in Alaska’s marine fisheries following the implementation of catch share programs beyond the targeted catch-share fishery, spotlighting the risk of unintended spillover effects in implementing fisheries policies.