In sub-Saharan Africa, urban recreational ecosystem services are browning and disappearing despite the global recognition of their importance. We study the availability, preference, and determinants of visitations to urban recreational ecosystem services in Dar es Salaam. The results show that, amongst the functioning and publicly owned recreational ecosystem services, there are botanical gardens and other open green spaces with greenery (e.g., trees, grass, or gardens) and sometimes with basic facilities such as benches. We find that the main challenge is limited budget for upkeep, maintenance, and protection of recreational ecosystem services. As a solution, the government is turning to private-public partnerships and community participation. On the private ownership side, there are large urban parks with green features and more facilities (e.g., playgrounds, swimming pools, or restaurants). The main factors that determine visitation to urban recreational ecosystem services include district of residence, distance, education, and income. Residents of Kinondoni and Ilala have higher visitation than those in the Temeke district. We find that although there are few public urban recreational ecosystem services, residents of Dar es Salaam support the government’s plans to invest in their development, mainly because private urban parks are not affordable, while the public green spaces lack recreational facilities.
Press Release — Aug 14, 2023
Western US Wildfire Smoke Costs $2.3 Billion per Year in Health Impacts and Lost Enjoyment
A new working paper, published by scholars at RFF and the University of Alaska Anchorage, finds that camping trips to public lands are worth $107 less on average if they are affected by wildfire smoke.
Common Resources — Aug 2, 2023
Evaluating Perceptions and Outcomes of Supplemental Environmental Projects
Recent research finds that voluntary public works projects that mitigate the penalties applied for violations of environmental law are favored by the public and provide benefits to violating firms, but primarily appear in high-income, white communities.
Media Highlight — Jul 28, 2023
National Parks Traveler: "National Park System Expansion is Key to Biodiversity Protection"
RFF Senior Fellows Margaret Walls and Rebecca Epanchin-Niell are referenced in this article about the importance of natural landscapes for species conservation.