Since its creation more than two decades ago as a voluntary market-based approach to improving forest management, forest certification has proliferated rapidly in developing countries. Yet we know little about whether and under what conditions it affects deforestation. We use rich forest management unit-level panel data—including information on deforestation, certification, regulatory permitting, and geophysical and socioeconomic land characteristics—along with matched fixed effects models to identify the effect of Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) certification on deforestation in Mexico, the country with the third-highest number of FSC certifications in the developing world. We test for a variety of different temporal and subgroup effects but are unable to reject the null hypothesis that certification does not affect deforestation. Although these results do not indicate that FSC certification has no effect on forest management, they do suggest that its impact on deforestation may be limited.
Explainer — Feb 10, 2020
Forest Bioenergy 101: Generation and Emissions
Forest bioenergy has been heralded by some as a promising renewable energy source and condemned by others as having negative effects on the environment. Here's a review of the basics of forest bioenergy generation and emissions.
RFF Live — Feb 11, 2020
Forests and Climate Change Mitigation: The Role of Markets
An in-depth conversation on the important role forests—and the forest products sector—could play in climate change mitigation
Press Release — Oct 16, 2019
New Blog Post: "PG&E Power Outages Reduce Just a Portion of Wildfire Risk"
RFF Fellow Matthew Wibbenmeyer addresses the effectiveness of the PG&E outages in reducing wildfire risk.