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CAFE Standards and Fuel Efficiency

Vehicles in the United States are regulated under policies—such as the Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standards—that require manufacturers to reduce fuel consumption and carbon emissions. RFF researchers are analyzing the effectiveness of these policies compared to those that influence fuel prices.

Reducing Fuel Economy Standard Costs

RFF analysis shows that relying on a vehicle’s lifetime miles traveled, rather than a class average, would reduce the costs of achieving greenhouse gas standards.

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Fuel Economy Standards and Welfare

Have US fuel economy and greenhouse gas emissions standards improved social welfare? This paper provides the first comprehensive social welfare estimates of recent standards.

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Effect of Fuel Economy Standards on Consumers

This article, published in the Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, explains the effects of energy efficiency standards on new vehicle purchases.

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