Protected areas are a cornerstone of forest conservation in developing countries. Yet we know little about their effects on forest cover change or the socioeconomic status of local communities, and even less about the relationship between these effects. This paper assesses whether “win-win” scenarios are possible—that is, whether protected areas can both stem forest cover change and alleviate poverty. We examine protected areas in the Peruvian Amazon using high-resolution satellite images and household-level survey data for the early 2000s. To control for protected areas’ nonrandom siting, we rely on quasi-experimental (matching) methods. We find that the average protected area reduces forest cover change. We do not find a robust negative effect on local communities. Protected areas that allow sustainable extractive activities are more effective in reducing forest cover change but less effective in delivering win-win outcomes.
The Economic Impacts of Drought on US Agriculture
New research examines how drought affects crop yields in the United States, deepening our understanding of the economic impacts of a costly natural disaster that is projected to become more severe in the face of climate change.
Resources Radio: Coffee in a Changing Climate, with Kim Elena Ionescu of the Specialty Coffee Association
Testimony and Public Comments
Testimony on the Use of Natural Infrastructure for Watershed Restoration and Water Management
Forest management can actively support water capture and storage, taking advantage of natural infrastructure to protect water sources and restore watersheds.