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Border Adjustments

Border adjustments, also known as border tax adjustments or border carbon adjustments, are taxes on imports and rebates on exports that account for variance in carbon pricing policies across different countries. RFF scholars are studying the design of border adjustments, their implementation costs, and their impacts on public policy questions, including their impact on possible leakage of economic activities away from countries with carbon pricing policies.

Pricing Carbon at the Border

Read a summary of recent scholarship on border adjustments and its application to policy questions being addressed in the European Union.

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From the Blog: US Border Tax Adjustment Framework

Implementing a Framework for Border Tax Adjustments in US Greenhouse Gas Tax Legislation and Regulations

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Report: Policy Guidance for US Greenhouse Gas Tax

Border Tax Adjustments for Products of Energy-Intensive, Trade-Exposed and Other Industries

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