Hydrogen has the potential for extensive use as a source of clean fuel and as an industrial feedstock—but it is expensive to produce, and current methods of production are very carbon intensive. Increased use of decarbonized “blue” and “green” hydrogen—hydrogen produced from natural gas with carbon capture technology and from electrolysis with renewable or nuclear energy, respectively—has the potential to greatly reduce emissions from industrial production processes and electricity generation. Recent research from RFF’s Alan Krupnick and Jay Bartlett identifies cost-effective opportunities for decarbonized hydrogen and examines short-term policy options to make blue and green hydrogen more competitive in the US industrial and power sectors.
On March 9, 2021, we hosted an RFF Live event, where a panel of experts discussed strategies to reduce barriers to deployment for decarbonized hydrogen. The event began with a presentation of Bartlett and Krupnick’s report that outlined the technologies and their relative costs, as well as reviewed policy options to incentivize the production and use of decarbonized hydrogen.
Common Resources — Feb 4, 2021
The Potential of Hydrogen for Decarbonization: Reducing Emissions in Oil Refining and Ammonia Production
RFF’s Jay Bartlett and Alan Krupnick evaluate the production, storage, and transportation costs of “blue” and “green” hydrogen to identify near- and long-term methods for reducing industrial feedstock emissions.
Common Resources — Jan 11, 2021
The Potential of Hydrogen for Decarbonization: Evaluating Low-Carbon “Blue” Hydrogen Against End-Use CCUS
RFF’s Jay Bartlett and Alan Krupnick assess when and how blue hydrogen—which is produced by capturing CO₂ from the process of creating hydrogen—could be deployed as a cost-effective climate solution.
Common Resources — Jan 20, 2021
The Potential of Hydrogen for Decarbonization: Evaluating Zero-Carbon “Green” Hydrogen Against Renewable and Nuclear Power
RFF’s Jay Bartlett and Alan Krupnick assess when and how green hydrogen—which is produced from water electrolysis using renewable or nuclear power—could be a valuable use of zero-carbon electricity.